Testimony of the Scandinavian College of Madrid about KiVa. Click on this link.

Testimony of the British College of Zaragoza about KiVa. Click on this link.

Testimony of the Calasancias College of Sevilla about KiVa. Click on this link.

KiVa logoKiVa is a program based on research to prevent and confront harassment (bullying) in schools.

It was developed at the University of Turku in Finland, with funding from the Ministry of Education and Culture of that country.

Its effectiveness is based primarily on changing attitudes and actions of “by-standers” (students who are neither bullies nor victims) who are against harassment. These students give support to the victims, rather than encourage harassment.

It has also been implemented (or in the process of implementation) in Belgium, the United States, Estonia, France, Italy, Luxembourg, New Zealand, the Netherlands, UK, Sweden and South Africa.

It is addressed to:

Use English as one of its working languages and want to implement the program in English
Are looking for ways to innovate in their Coexistence Plan or Program and/or are interested in projects of values development and principles related to coexistence among students.

Want to be part of a school network to be at the forefront in the implementation of successful programs in their region fighting against bullying (as part of a global movement), becoming promoters of peaceful coexistence and welfare in their school. Besides, these schools want to receive both reliable data and support for their own betterment, as well as contribute to the ongoing research and development on the program impact and adaptation needs of the program for Spanish speaking countries.

Spanish speaking schools which:

Provide primary education

Use English as one of its working languages and want to implement the program in English

Are looking for ways to innovate in their Coexistence Plan or Program and/or are interested in projects of values development and principles related to coexistence among students.

Want to be part of a school network to be at the forefront in the implementation of successful programs in their region fighting against bullying (as part of a global movement), becoming promoters of peaceful coexistence and welfare in their school. Besides, these schools want to receive both reliable data and support for their own betterment, as well as contribute to the ongoing research and development on the program impact and adaptation needs of the program for Spanish speaking countries.

General actions

Target to all students in a school

They aim to:

  • Influence group guidelines
  • Teach constructive ways of behaving
  • Help students to assume their responsibility by not promoting harassment and by supporting victims

Specific actions outlined:

  • When the school staff know of a case of harassment
  • Harassment prevention and confrontation of the cases found
  • Individual and group meetings between school KiVa team and the students involved, several colleagues from the same environment are encouraged to support the bullied student.

KiVa is not just a philosophy or set of principles (what should be done) but includes specific tools and procedures (how to do it).

No other program has as many scientific publications, published in scientific journals (“peer reviewed” evidence).

The quality of the program is strictly controlled and protected and its contents are continuously developed by the University of Turku.

There are other very good programs (for example, “peer mediation” or social and emotional competencies) that can reduce conflicts but do not directly address the problem of bullying.

It reduces bullying reported by the victim and his companions significantly. In addition, it also reduces reprisals.

It affects multiple forms of retaliation: verbal, physical and cyberbullying.

It produces positive effects on the appreciation of the school, academic motivation and school performance.

It reduces anxiety and depression, and has a positive impact on the perception of the students’ peer environment.

It has helped 98% of victims who participated in meetings with KiVa school teams so that they felt that their situation improved.

In Finland, in the first year, both harassment and retaliation have been greatly reduced by more than a thousand Finnish schools which implemented KiVa in autumn 2009.

It also makes easier for students to master social skills and internalization of attitudinal principles for coexistence.

Finland has demonstrated its effectiveness in a large randomized controlled intervention of 117 schools and 117 control schools (a total of 150 000 pupils); the largest world sample existing in a research related to bullying.

In addition, studies in other countries (for instance, Italy, Netherlands, Estonia, England, and Sweden) have shown significant positive results.

The scientific community recognizes and values the impact of KiVa.

It has won several international and national awards:

  • European Award for Crime Prevention in 2009
  • Social Policy Award for Best Article in 2012
  • Four National Awards in 2008, 2010, 2011 and 2012

Some research related to KiVa program are:

Kärnä, A., Voeten, M., Little, T., Poskiparta, E., Kaljonen, A., & Salmivalli, C. (2011). A large-scale evaluation of the KiVa antibullying program; Grades 4-6. Child Development, 82, 311-330.
Salmivalli, C., Kärnä, A., & Poskiparta, E. (2011) Counteracting bullying in Finland: The KiVa program and its effects on different forms of being bullied. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 35, 405-411.
Salmivalli, C., Garandeau, C., & Veenstra, R. (2012). KiVa Antibullying Program: Implications for School Adjustment. In G. Ladd & A. Ryan (Eds.), Peer Relationships and Adjustment at School. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.
Williford, A., Noland, B., Little, T., Kärnä, A., & Salmivalli, C. (2012). Effects of the KiVa Antibullying Program on adolescents’ perception of peers, depression, and anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 289-300.
Garandeau, C., Poskiparta, E., & Salmivalli, C. (2014). Tackling acute cases of bullying: Comparison of two methods in the context of the KiVa antibullying program. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42, 981-991.
Kärnä, A., Voeten, M., Little, T., Alanen, E., Poskiparta, E., & Salmivalli, C. (2011). Going to Scale: A nonrandomized nationwide trial of the KiVa antibullying program for comprehensive schools. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 79, 796-805.